2016年末報告盃 - 淺談尼采、基督教、超人論(英文稿)


Hello everyone,the presentation will cover “Übermensch” and “Christian”.As everyone known,Christian is the most biggest religion around the world.However,there are different views on Christian.For example, “Übermensch”has its own opinion toward Christian.Let’s me continue to explore down.

 

As we saw in the last post, Nietzsche had declared that the Enlightenment culture of Europe had essentially “killed” God, even though it had not yet realized it.  The question for Nietzsche thus became, “After the supposed ‘death of God,’ what was to emerge in the post-Enlightenment culture that Nietzsche envisioned?

 

What is Übermensch mean ? The Übermensch,German for superman,superhuman or hyperhuman,is a concept in the philosophy of Friedrich Nietsche. Friedrich Nietsche,German philosophercultural criticpoetphilologist, and Latin and Greek scholar whose work has exerted a profound influence on Western philosophy and modern intellectual history.In Nietsche’s famous book”Thus Spoke Zarathustra”,he has his character Zarathustra posit the Übermensch as a goal for humanity to set for itself.

 

In ”Thus Spoke Zarathustra”,Nietche used the view of character Zarathustra to analyze human society.Human needs ethics,human needs morality,however,superhuman live without both ethics and morality.As Nietche was influenced by the Theory of Evolution,he thought that the morality was used for weak human.In other words,weak human coulnt beat strong human down,as a result, the weak human lay down the”morality”to restrict the stong human.In Nietche’s viewpoint,the weak human should be vanished because the molarity the weak man lay down would restrict the development of “Hyperhuman Society”.Hyperman is differ from human,they are courageous to explore and not afraid of failure.In“Hyperhuman Society”, Hyperman should be revered by everyone.

 

For Nietzsche,the only kind of God that Nietzsche felt was worthy of divinity and our worship to a noble God, a God who affirms our humanity and the instability of life. For Nietzsche, the only true God embodies the will to power, and the capacity continually to create, destroy and recreate values in parallel to the ebb and flow of life, or as Nietzsche had Zarathustra say, “I should believe only in a God who knows how to dance.”

 

But this, of course, would make no sense to Nietzsche, for he saw the doctrines and dogmas of Christianity as nothing more than the static, unbending “rules” that dictated moral behavior.

 

And so, for Nietzsche, there were essentially three types of man. There is the slave, who he equated with the 19th Century Christian that believed “all we have to do is try to keep God’s rules, although we can’t, but don’t worry, he’ll show compassion on us, filthy sinners!” This sort of man, as far as Nietzsche was concerned, was a sniveling weakling who was too afraid to live his own life. And, ironically, I think Jesus would agree for Nietzsche’s slave, although it might describe a certain perversion of the Christian faith, is not the true Christian faith.

 

Then there is the last man, who he equated with the 19th Century Enlightenment philosophers who convinced themselves that through science and reason they had come to complete knowledge about life and human progress. This sort of man, to me, typifies men like Richard Dawkins and Sam Harris—arrogant, completely satisfied with themselves, and foolish enough to think science and human reason has given them the ultimate answers to everything.

 

And on this point, I feel Nietzsche is so close, yet so far away. Now, it is true, far too often, Christianity is presented as sort of a “Jesus died for you, so you can go to Heaven and suffer no more”


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